Kabaka akyusizza ennyimba y'ekitiibwa kya Buganda

By Dickson Kulumba

Added 31st January 2017


KABAKA Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II asiimye era n'akakasa ennyimba enaagobererwanga mu kuyimba Ekitiibwa kya Buganda ng'eyawuddwamu ebiti bisatu.



Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II ng'awuubira Obuganda. EKIF: DICKSON KULUMBA


Ennyimba esooka; ebitundu by'oluyimba luno ebitaano byakumalibwangayo ku mikolo okuli okujjukira Amatikkira ga Kabaka, okuggulawo olukiiko lwa Buganda n'okukuza Amazaalibwa ga Kabaka.


Bino byayanjuddwa Katikkiro Charles Peter Mayiga bwe yabadde alambulira Obuganda ebigenda mu maaso nga yasinzidde mu Lukiiko lwa Buganda olwatudde ku Mmande ya wiiki eno January 30, 2017 e Bulange - Mmengo.

Mayiga yagambye nti ennyimba eyookubiri mwe muli emikolo okuyimbirwa ebitundu bisatu: ekisooka, ekyokuna n'ekyokutaano nga gyegyo Kabaka gy'alabikako ng'oggyeeko egimenyeddwa waggulu.


Ate ennyimba eyookusatu y'enaaberanga ku mikolo emirala gyonna egya Buganda nga gya kuyimbirwangako ebitundu bibiri nga gitandika; Ekisooka (Okuva edda n'edda…) n'ekyokuna (Nze nnaayimba ntya ne sitenda….) ate mu kuggalawo, ekitundu ekisembayo ( Katonda omulungi ow'ekisa…), kiyimbibwenga.

Mu ngeri y'emu, Mayiga yagambye nti omwaka guno Obwakabaka bugenda kuteeka amaanyi mu bulimu bw'emmwanyi mu ηηombo etuumiddwa  'EMMWANYI TERIMBA'.

" Omwaka guno tuluubirira okusimba endokwa obukadde butaano.



Ffe nga Abaganda abanyumirwa okuyimbira ensi nyaffe oluyimba tujja kusigala nga tuyimba nga bwetusobodde ebitundu byonna ebyoluyimba lwe ggwanga lyaffe Buganda. Kumikolo egiwera wano e Buganda a baganda banaffe Abakungu nga ne Bakatikkiro, Abalangira, Nabambejja mwobatadde batono ddala abayimba oluyimba lweggwanga mubantu bebakulembera. Balinga ne Queen wa Bungereza atayimba nako oluyimba olweggwanga lye erya Bungereza. Asirika be che baserikale be nebamuyimbira ko!








Onomulaba Ebitumbwe



Bwobeera ggwe bwakwatula






Talya nkima-takombako



Talya dduma



Senya enku- Twokye enyama



Mugema bwafa

Kudda mulala



Tweddira nkima






African refugees evacuated from Libya tell horror stories in Rwanda

October 25, 2019

Written by VOA

Asylum-seekers who arrived from Libya, are seen at the United Nations emergency transit center in Gashora, Rwanda

Asylum-seekers who arrived from Libya, are seen at the United Nations emergency transit center in Gashora, Rwanda


Gashora, Rwanda - African migrants evacuated from Libyan detention centres to Rwanda say they still want to make the dangerous journey to Europe, despite the abuse they encountered in Libya.

The 189 migrants, mostly Eritreans but also Somalis, Ethiopians and Sudanese, were brought to Rwanda after a September agreement with the African Union. Near the lake at the Gashora Transit Camp in Rwanda, 37-year-old Eritrean Ganet Nagash is dressed in black and her eyes look swollen because of crying.

A nightmare in Libya

Nagash says she paid a smuggler $5,500 to get her to a better life in Europe. But once in a boat on the Mediterranean Sea, her journey came to a horrific end. She says that her boat capsized and that they were captured by the Libyan coast guard.

They told her that she was in a United Nations camp, but it appeared to be a detention centre. Nagash can’t tell what happened to her there, but she says it’s grim. Off-camera, many of the women at the Gashora camp say Libyan guards beat and raped them.

Now evacuated to a Rwandan transit camp, the U.N. refugee agency (UNHCR) provides the migrants with housing and food. There are brick houses in the camp, and migrants sit quietly in front of them on the red soil.

Asylum-seekers who arrived from Libya, are seen at the United Nations emergency transit center in Gashora, Rwanda, Oct. 23, 2019

Nagash suddenly bursts out crying and bends on her knees — because of trauma, says Elise Villechalane of the UNHCR.

“A healing process doesn’t happen overnight,” Villechalane said. “That’s why we have specialized psychologists and protection officers who are here to work with them and accompany them on that journey.”

Nagash and other refugees say they are thankful to Rwanda for helping bring them to safety. Abdul Abbas is from Somalia. He came here with his wife and a 3-month-old daughter, who was born in detention in Libya. He says he is happy.

“Because I am standing here. The place is safe, and I have health and everything. I am very happy,” he said.

Rwanda recently agreed to temporarily take in 500 migrants who were kept in Libyan detention centres. The UNHCR says Libya still holds 5,000 more African migrants in the overcrowded centres, where they face abuse.

Despite the risk, many like Nagash still want to flee Africa. She says that Europe is where she and the other refugees want to go to. She says they don’t want to stay in Rwanda. For now, these refugees are safe and have time to consider their next move for a better future.


One cannot see any horror stories being told by these African refugees. All that some of these refugees are saying is the truth of their ambitions about how they feel in the country of Rwanda.

They feel that their African countries are not giving them the expectations they long for in their young lives. They wish to experience and probably study more about this world when they are stationed in Western civilized countries of America and Europe.

That is why they nearly died on the rough Mediterranean seas trying to get there. The African Union must take stock and do its work better for the African continent's modern well being.
The African Union can not continue to look the other way when this continent is building up African dictatorship in places of decolonization.

So that the young people of these badly governed African countries run away every other day from political black African tyranny, to suffer the world as miserable human stateless refugees.
The UN understands such statements and it should respect the rights of these young people and make arrangements for these refugees to proceed to the countries they wish to go to for the safety of their lives and families.

It is unfortunate that Eritrea first proved as a sensible African country that wanted to break away from the aggression of African tyranny in Ethiopia. Why now is it the most fear some African country on Planet Earth as the AU looks on?






On the African continent,  legislators must prioritise good governance so that youth migration is properly managed:

Many African citizens are aware of the high number of migrant deaths and fatalities while crossing borders and in the high seas in search of employment and better lives:


By Vision Reporter


Added 28th October 2018


Over 250 legislators from across Africa have converged in Kigali, Rwanda, for the First Ordinary Session of the Fifth Pan Africa Parliament. The sittings started on 22 October and will end on 2 November 2018.


Weak policies and frameworks governing migration in Africa have been cited as the leading cause of tensions between host communities and migrants.

While presenting a paper on Labour Migration and Governance in Africa to Pan African Parliament MPs on Friday in Kigali, Rwanda, Jason Theebe, the Senior Regional Labour Migration expert of the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) said absence of good policies to govern movement of labour has potential to give rise to xenophobia, discrimination, racism.

Theebe urged governments to provide pre-departure and post arrival information to facilitate social integration and protection of migrants.

“Many African countries have challenges in managing migration issues owing to poor collection and management of data, lack of accompanying social protection measures, lack of capacity to handle migration and limited knowledge about migration related issues,” he said.

He noted that this has resulted in jeopardized interstate relations, increased forced labor, irregular migration such as human trafficking and migrant smuggling.

He said IOM studies established that 80% of African migration takes place within Africa and that the single biggest driver of migration is the search for jobs.


He recommended that governments should facilitate social integration of migrants and protection of their rights, including harnessing their development contribution.

“There is a need for a government and society approach to ensure effective migration governance and a need to build capacity in governments and other stakeholders to effectively manage migration,” he said.

The Deputy Chairperson of the Committee on Trade, Customs and Immigration Matters, Alex Chersia Grant, recommended that more information and interventions on irregular or illegal migration should be provided to potential immigrants to assist them make informed decisions.

He said there is need for Africa to invest in labor market competitiveness in order to compete on the international labor market.

PAP President Roger Nkodo Dang decried the high number of migrant deaths and fatalities while crossing borders and in the high seas.

“We are losing our youths in the Mediterranean Sea. When you go to migrant camps in Libya or the Mediterranean, you will find that lot of them would like to return. The fundamental issue is governance in our states. African youths represent 60% and we need to find jobs for them,” he said.

Nkodo said continental and regional agreements on free movement of people and goods should become a reality because it will boost intra Africa trade and create employment for youths, hence addressing the problem.

Prof. Morris Ogenga Latigo  argued that the solutions to migration need to be driven by African member states.

“For African countries, we have to do two things, address migration issues as an internal challenge, and then address the migration issue as a regional challenge. The youth are overwhelming in number and African governments should wake up and proactively deal with how to manage that population,” he said.

Aisha Jumwa, a legislator from Tanzania, voiced concern about Africans who work under hostile and slave-like conditions especially in Arab countries where some have even lost lives. She urged IOM and the African Union to look into solving the problem.

The legislators noted that there are constraints in nation states capacity to provide social services to migrants and those governments also have concerns such as border and national security; terrorism and organized crime; public health safety, a case in point being the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and Congo.


The Sahara desert route crossing towards Europe


The  watery crossing of the Mediterranean Sea


An Anti-trafficking campaign poster at the University of Benin in Edo state

warning the young about how it is hard to obtain a living wage in Europe.


The policy recommendations suggested to the African Union is to put in place a joint program on labor migration to strengthen governments and support implementation of labor migration standards and policies. It was noted that when properly managed, labour migration has great potential and opportunities for Africa.

Uganda’s delegation to the PAP includes Jacqueline Amongin (NRM, Ngora), Prof. Ogenga-Latigo (FDC, Agago North), Anifa Bangirana Kawooya (NRM, Sembabule), Felix Okot Ogong (NRM, Dokolo South) and Babirye Kadogo (Ind. Buyende).






The Bahororo are Batutsi Political Refugees from the African Kingdom State of Rwanda:
Posted 12 December, 2016
By Mr Mulindwa
Bahororo are Batutsi from Rwanda who founded a short-lived Mpororo kingdom (hence the name Bahororo that is people of Mpororo kingdom) in present-day northern Rwanda and southwest Uganda mostly in present-day Ntungamo and parts of present-day Kabale district.
This is King Kigeli V whose ancestors struggled to mantain the Kingdom of Ruanda.
The kingdom was established around 1650 in areas already settled by Bantu people. It disintegrated around 1750 or earlier because of internal disputes.
Bahinda ruling class of Bahima took over by military means parts of former Mpororo kingdom and absorbed them into Nkore kingdom. Other areas were administered mostly by agriculturalists and were later incorporated into expanded Ankole kingdom at the time of colonization.
Batutsi ruling class of Rwanda occupied former Mpororo areas in northern Rwanda. Those former Mpororo parts in Kabale became part of that mountainous area.
In Nkore Bahororo like Bantu became commoners (Bairu or slaves) under Bahinda dynasty. Bahororo who resented this inferior identification returned to Rwanda where prospects were better.
In 1800 a branch of Bahororo fled to Rujumbura with their standing army and with support of Arab slave traders they managed to defeat Bantu settlers and expand the territory.
Bahororo in Ankole and Rujumbura became Bahima, in Kabale they became Bakiga and in Rwanda they became Batutsi. Wherever Bahororo settled in Uganda and other parts, they adopted local names and local languages.
However, they remained Bahororo in everything else. To retain their Bahororoness, they decided that their men would never marry outside Bahororo group. They also harbored the idea of recreating Mpororo kingdom someday and expand it into a larger empire.
Rujumbura in Rukungiri district presents a very tricky Bahororo situation which has confused many commentators including Ugandans and even Rujumbura people. Here is the puzzle.
For colonial administrative and indirect rule convenience which required tribal units, British authorities divided Kigezi district into three artificial tribal groups namely Bakiga, Banyarwanda and Bahororo.
In Rujumbura, all indigenous Bantu people from many clans and Bahororo refugees became Bahororo administratively under Bahororo chiefs.
However, what I will call “at a political level” for lack of a better term, Bahororo were divided into Bairu and Bahima the reason being that since Bairu did not have capacity to govern they should be governed by Bahima who are “born leaders”. Thus the division was to separate Bahima from Bairu so that indirect rule uses Bahima only. This political relationship of ruler and ruled has remained virtually unchanged irrespective of education and work experience of the two groups. You need to look at key figures from Rukungiri district to confirm what is being said.
Thus, in Rukungiri Bairu are registered as Bahororo and indigenous Bahororo as Bahima although Bahima never settled in Rujumbura.
Thus Bahororo and Bairu came to be used more with reference to Bantu. To draw a distinction between them and Bakiga, Bairu call themselves Bahororo within the colonial Kigezi administration context. Bairu would not fit into that context. Some people who are unaware of this distinction continue to refer to all people of Rujumbura as Bahororo including recent Bakiga settlers. We therefore must draw a distinction between Batutsi Bahororo and Bantu/Bairu. That is why some Bairu are beginning to refer to themselves as Banyarujumbura or Banyarukungiri.
Indigenous Bahororo’s hidden interest for separateness as a distinct group surfaced during the negotiations for independence. Bahororo in Ankole long known as Bahima came out and demanded a separate (Mpororo) district. They did not succeed because Bahima would not allow it. The idea stayed alive and would be sustained by events that had taken place since the 1920s.
During economic and political hard times in Rwanda and Burundi, some Batutsi including some Bahororo who had returned to Rwanda when Mpororo kingdom disintegrated migrated to Uganda in search of work and security. As cattle people, they settled in areas where grazing is the main activity in Ankole, Buganda and Eastern and northern Uganda.
The political disturbances in Rwanda and Burundi before and after independence in 1962 drove many Batutsi and Batutsi/Bahororo into Uganda and settled in many parts of Uganda particularly in Buganda, Ankole and Toro and to a certain extent other parts of Uganda. Although they took on local names and adopted local languages in their places of refuge, they remained Batutsi or Bahororo in the sense that men do not marry outside their circles to this day in 2011.
Museveni whose political and imperial ideas began to form while he was in high school, witness his early interest in East African integration and federation, began to locate his Bahororo and Batutsi relatives in all parts of Uganda, causing some people to conclude why he has a sizeable number of history advisers.
When he started FRONASA group, a large number of members were Bahororo and Batutsi refugees. During the guerrilla war it is reported that some 25 percent of guerrilla fighters were Batutsi mercenaries and close allies to Museveni as records of commanders, intelligence and counter-intelligence officers show.
Meanwhile, Museveni researchers were identifying all Bahororo and Batutsi in Uganda and elsewhere to run the government when the guerrilla war was over. All Bahororo with Banyankole, Baganda, Bakiga, Batoro, Bateso names and languages etc have filled key positions in civil administration, business sector and security forces (military, intelligence, police and prisons).
To hide his plan, Museveni introduced the concepts of individual merit and anti-sectarianism to frustrate complaints against tribalism favoring his people.
Individual merit and anti-sectarianism instruments have enabled Museveni to fill virtually all important positions with Bahororo who pose as noted above as Baganda, Bakiga, Basoga, Bateso, Balango, Banyankole, Batoro etc. That is why it is important that when time comes Ugandans should demand family trees of leaders because this is the right thing to do in the interest of national security.
By the 1990s when Museveni felt he was in control, the words Mpororo and Bahororo surfaced in newspapers, on radio and TVs debates. The word Mpororo appeared on Uganda maps. In Rujumbura, the 1993 Odoki Commission report recorded all people there as Bahororo.
Gradually, people who had been known as Bahima or Batutsi came forward and declared themselves Bahororo. That is why Ugandans are now struggling to know who are Bahima, Batutsi and Bahororo. And some have asked me to help them solve the puzzle.
Let me begin in a roundabout way starting with their ancestry and level of civilization. There is sufficient evidence that the people we have known in Uganda as long horn cattle owners did not enter Uganda from Ethiopia but from Southern Sudan. Their ancestors were not Hamitic but Nilotic Luo-speaking people. There is no group as Hamitic or Nilo-Hamitic. These cattle people are not even descendants of Bachwezi for Bachwezi were a Bantu aristocracy. In terms of skin color, they are by and large darker than Bantu. Because of their nomadic nature and conflict over grass and water, they could not have developed and introduced civilizations including earthen works in central Uganda. Overall, they have destroyed much of what they found in areas where they have settled.
In some parts of Uganda they mixed thoroughly with indigenous people and formed new communities.
However, by the time new waves entered south west Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda, they had decided against intermarriage with indigenous Bantu. Instead they decided to fight, trick, dispossess, impoverish and marginalize Bantu people and turn them into slaves for perpetual domination. Staying pure would preserve their Nilotic identity and keep secrets to themselves. But they would disguise their Nilotic identity by adopting local names and languages, even adopting local institutions like the Bahutu title of Mwami or king for their king in Rwanda.
Besides adopting local names and languages, they have also taken on new names. Thus in Ankole they are Bahima, in Burundi and Rwanda Batutsi, in northern Rwanda and southwest Uganda Batutsi from Rwanda became Bahororo and Batutsi from Rwanda became Banyamulenge in eastern DRC.
They are scattered in many parts of the great lakes region. Museveni is therefore tapping into this pool of Batutsi and Batutsi/Bahororo/Banyamulenge in his efforts to create Tutsi Empire via East African federation.
To sum up, Bahororo are Batutsi from Rwanda. Banyamulenge are also Batutsi from Rwanda. Because of their common ancestry, Bahima, Batutsi, Bahororo and Banyamulenge are Nilotic cousins and are still Nilotic in identity because men do not marry outside their Nilotic ethnic group.
Because of their tradition as fighters over grazing land and watering points, Museveni and his people specialized in fighting. When they entered the great lakes region they were able to defeat settled Bantu people who did not need standing armies because there was nothing to fight about. There was enough land, enough food and enough of everything else they needed to meet their basic requirements.
In Rwanda, Bahutu were dispossessed by Batutsi who introduced a feudal system of masters and servants or slaves. This is the tradition that Batutsi later Bahororo introduced into parts that later became southwest Uganda especially in present-day Ntungamo and Rukungiri districts especially Rujumbura county. Bahororo have dominated Bantu/Bairu through dispossession, impoverishment and marginalization since around 1800 as was done to Bahutu in Rwanda.
In Ankole and Rukungiri Bantu people are still called Bairu (servants or slaves). Occasionally you hear stories of Bahororo boasting that one Muhororo (singular for Bahororo) is worth 1000 Bairu or something like that or that Bairu will be ruled indefinitely. These utterances are hurting especially to people who have worked so hard to shake off this stigma but are still kept down at gun point.
The Bahororo 50 year master plan adopted in 1992 is an attempt to extend Bairu enslavement to all parts of Uganda. That is why Museveni refuses to provide school lunches, to help ease rising food and fuel prices and to create jobs for our unemployed youth, blaming all this on external forces beyond NRM’s control.
The same model will apply when Museveni becomes the first president of East African political federation which he is pushing so hard.
Museveni has been arming himself for a fight because he knows some day Ugandans will discover what is going on. That is why talk of possible genocide is in the air and NRM determination not to allow it. That is why we are advising those who want to unseat Museveni by military means to think again. We don’t want our people to run into a lion’s den.
If opposition attacks first, Museveni will brand the attackers as terrorists to destabilize the country and overthrow an “elected” government. He will likely get support of African Union and the international community that is in no mood for war. Museveni will then take advantage of this invasion to clean up the country of undesirable elements and lay the foundation for Bahororo to rule indefinitely.
Let us not give him this chance. Let us defeat him and his NRM system by using a combination of soft and silent diplomatic means which have begun to work and internal civil disobedience to make Uganda ungovernable until NRM is forced out peacefully. This is where NRM is vulnerable. The political, economic, social and diplomatic situation is not in its favor.
Museveni has seen what happened to his late friend when he used force against unarmed people demanding their liberty, justice and dignity peacefully.
The struggle against Museveni and his regime requires political maturity, vision, coordination and bold leadership for peaceful regime change.

The United Nation in New York, USA, is warning The Sudan that it is going to stop funding political refugees in its country:

By Agencies

Posted  Tuesday, April 26   2016


UN agencies warned on Monday that an acute funding shortfall is hampering their work in assisting thousands of South Sudanese political refugees who have fled to neighbouring Sudan.

South Sudan became independent from Sudan in 2011, but two years later it descended into a brutal civil war that has killed tens of thousands of civilians.

More than 50,000 South Sudanese have fled into Sudan since January to escape the violence and food shortages across the border.

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN Children's Fund and the World Food Programme said they were facing a shortfall of more than $400 million which was affecting their work.

"Our resources are being stretched at a time when needs are quickly growing," the UNHCR's Sudan representative, Mohamed Adar, said in a joint statement with UNICEF and the WFP.

"Further shortfalls in funding will hamper our ability to continue providing assistance for the existing South Sudanese refugees in Sudan, while also responding to the emergency needs of new arrivals."

The UNHCR said its humanitarian requirements for 2016 were only 18 percent funded, "leaving over $128 million in unmet needs".

UNICEF and WFP said limited resources were hampering refugees' access to even basic needs.

"UNICEF is gravely concerned it may have to cut back on crucial lifesaving water, sanitation, nutrition, health and protection assistance" to more than 100,000 children from South Sudan, UNICEF said, adding it was facing a shortfall of $105 million.

The WFP, for its part, said it was facing a 12-month funding shortfall of $181 million.

In total, 678,000 South Sudanese refugees are currently being hosted in neighbouring countries with 221,000 in Sudan, the UN agencies said.

- Thousands more expected -More refugees are expected to arrive ahead of the rainy season in South Sudan, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said in a separate statement.

"A total of 93,000 South Sudanese refugees are anticipated in East Darfur by the end of June, with an additional 7,000 in South Darfur," it said.

Until recently, the Sudanese government did not give them the status of refugees, instead according them many of the same rights and benefits as Sudanese citizens.

But Khartoum ended that policy last month and said South Sudanese should be classified as "foreigners" as punishment for Juba's alleged support for rebels battling Sudanese troops in the border region.



Indeed this is an African Region with lots of Political Refugees that cannot immigrate North into Europe and the United States of America. Of course no African refugees like to immigrate to Asia and China or Japan. And many more African refugees are being generated from undemocratic African States, like Burundi, Somalia, Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda. It is un sustainable indeed for the UN to spend money on such expanding problems in Africa.


Latest Posts


Posted on 21st June, 2015
Publish Date: Jun 21, 2015
Uganda 9th largest refugee host worldwide
Rtd. Gen. Ali inspects a guard of honour during the world refugee day
PHOTO/Arnest Tumwesige 


By Arnest Tumwesige


ADJUMANI - Uganda is the ninth largest refugee hosting country in the world, revealed Neimah Warsame, the UNHCR country representative in the country.


Warsame applauded Uganda for the good conducive environment accorded to the refugees unlike in other countries that close their doors observing that worldwide refugees were estimated to be over 60 million while 86% of them were being hosted by developing countries which remain a burden to them.


“Uganda is now home to more refugees than any time in history and has become the ninth largest refugee hosting country in the world and third in this region,” she explained.


She asked global powers to stop being passive observers or distant players to the conflicts that are driving so many from their homes.


She said; “It is now urgent that powers that have influence over those involved in conflict put aside their differences and create the conditions to end bloodshed.”


Warsame was speaking at the commemoration of the world refugee day at Dziapi primary school in Dziapi sub county Adjumani district on Saturday under the theme: “Refugees are regular people, get to know and support them.”. 


Gen. Ali on a an exhibition tour during the commemoration of world refugee day at Dziapi primary school in Adjumani district. PHOTO/ Arnest Tumwesige

The second deputy Prime Minister Rtd. Gen. Moses Ali who was chief guest warned that refugees living in Uganda to stay off politics or else face arrest.


Gen. Ali said for refugees to involve in Ugandan politics when they were not entitled would lead them to jail.


He cautioned them to rather enjoy the peace accorded by the government, and concentrate on refugee activities.


“The laws are not made specifically for anybody but for law breakers. You can drop from heaven and if you break our laws you will be put in prison,” he emphasized.


Clad in army fatigue, the General equally cautioned UNHCR on the restoration of the environment that refugees destroy by cutting trees to construct their houses and as source of fire.


He said, about 14 million trees had been cut and yet not replanted as required by UNHCR.


“Today, Uganda is a host to 466, 135 refugees from various countries. Our treatment and handling of refugees has been hailed by international community and UNHCR. We are proud as a county to be associated with this noble cause,” he said.


He however asked for support from international community to Uganda to continue serving the high number of refugees in a dignified manner.


Gen. Moses Ali listen to an AMREF staff during an exhibition to commemorate world refugee day. PHOTO/ Arnest Tumwesige


Jessy Kamstra from Lutheran World Federation, speaking on behalf of implementing partners, also acknowledged that Uganda was receiving refugees from DRC, Burundi and South Sudan because of its priceless generosity.


Nixon Owole, the Adjumani district chairman, asked government and implementing partners to support the refugees with income generating activities so that they can become self-reliant.


Owole equally asked them to take advantage of the education system in Uganda to improve their literacy so that when they go back to their countries they go to serve than being served.


Musa M. Tombe, the refugee representative from Alere settlement camp, said the location of schools far from them was affecting accessibility.


Tombe equally decried some ill minded people who deceive their children in the name of providing them scholarships and later on abandon them along the way.


“Some of us have been in Uganda as refugees for over 20 years; we request government to grant us citizenship because we are not willing to go back,” he said.


He commended the host community for the good relation which has improved despite earlier indiscipline cases amongst themselves.



The very High Salaries for sitting African presidents in this Century when many African citizens are running away from their mother countries:


By Africa Review team


Posted  Thursday, July 23  2015 

When Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari recently announced that he and his deputy would take a pay cut, it was not entirely surprising for a man known for his austerity, and who faces a challenge cutting back the excesses in the country’s FINANCES.

But President Buhari is not the first African leader to announce a pay cut. In fact, it is a popular recourse for others trying to shore up their popularity, or facing tough economic times.

In Kenya, President Uhuru Kenyatta and his deputy William Ruto last year announced a voluntary 20 per cent salary cut and invited other top government officials to follow suit. A few did, reluctantly.

In Tunisia, former President Moncef Marzouki, then facing an economic crisis in the post-revolution period, announced a two-thirds pay cut, slicing his annual pay from around $176,868 (Ksh 17m) to ‘just’ $58,956 (Ksh5.8m).

The Africa Review has compiled and analysed salaries of African leaders to try and see what they tell about the relationship between those in power and the governed. The search shows that only a few countries make public what they pay their leaders – a key finding itself that suggests a lack of transparency.

In many African countries, the first thing leaders do when they come into power is to increase their pay: In Egypt, for instance, the president’s pay shot up from a paltry $280 per month, put in place by the austere Mohammed Morsy administration, to $5,900 (Ksh584,000) per month just before General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi predictably won election.

In other countries, leaders take a disproportionate share of the national income for their personal use. In Morocco, the Treasury spends, by one account, $1 million a day on King Mohammed VI’s 12 royal palaces and 30 private residences. That is on top of $7.7 million spent on an entourage of royal automobiles, and a monthly salary of $40,000 (Ksh4m) paid to the monarch.

In 2014, King Mswati of Swaziland increased his personal budget, which includes his salary and the welfare of his extensive family, by 10 per cent to $61 million, a significant chunk of the kingdom’s overall budget. As the royal budget isn’t debated or passed by Parliament, it automatically became law.

Some presidents have deceptively small salaries but have, personally or through family members, massive control over their countries’ resources.

For example, President Eduardo dos Santos has a modest monthly salary of $5,000 (Ksh500,000) but is widely believed to control a lot of the wealth produced from Angola’s oil-industry, and his family members own some of the biggest enterprises in the country.

The Africa Review was unable to establish the official salary for Teodoro Obiang’ Nguema Mbasogo, the long-serving president of the oil-rich Equatorial Guinea, but it probably doesn’t matter.

With vast oil wealth and a population of less than a million, Equatorial Guinea has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world and should be a first-world nation. Instead, most of its wealth ends up in the hands of its notoriously corrupt First Family.

As an example, the US Department of Justice, in an indictment of the younger Teodoro Nguema Obiang’ Mangue, said the first son had spent about $315 million on property and luxury goods between 2004 and 2011, despite his job as a government minister paying less than $100,000 per year.

However, not all African leaders are money-grabbing, power-hungry brutes. In April 2015 Cape Verde President João Carlos Fonseca vetoed – for the fourth time, no less – a Bill that would, among other things, have increased his salary and that of other political officials.

The highest-paid leader, the research could find, is Paul Biya, whose $610,000 (Ksh61m) annual salary is almost three times that of South Africa’s Jacob Zuma, despite the South African economy being 10 times bigger than Cameroon’s.

Rather than simply rank the leaders based on absolute figures, The Africa Review decided to compare their gross annual salaries with the Gross National Income of their countries – basically comparing the leader’s pay with what their nationals, on average, earn.

Unsurprisingly, President Biya comes out on top again, earning 229 times what an average Cameroonian earns, followed by Liberia where President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf earns 113 times what her average citizen does.

Although Somalia’s President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud makes the top 10 with his annual salary of $120,000 (Ksh12m), the country is excluded from the comparative study due to the lack of verifiable GNI per capita figures.

Overall, it appears that leaders of poor countries tend to pay themselves more than those in higher-income countries.

(Africa Review correspondents, Mail & Guardian South Africa, World Bank Group.)



Refugee haven

Youthful Congolese refugees undergo an entrepreneurship training at the

InterAid offices in Kampala recently.


Courtesy Photo


Kampala. UGANDA:

This country has become a global example of how best to help people who flee their home country

Uganda is a developing country with meagre resources but despite that, the country is leading the way in terms of refugee response. For this, says Charlie Yaxley, the UNHCR Associate External Relations Officer in Kampala, Uganda deserves special praise. “Uganda has a unique policy towards refugees,” says Yaxley, “It already has land which has been designated for refugees before they even come.

In addition to the free land, the refugees have freedom of movement around Uganda. They are also allowed to seek employment; they are able to get jobs, to try and sustain themselves.

“They can try and open businesses if they wish. This is opposed to so many other countries which require refugees and asylum seekers to stay in camps all the time”.

Yaxley told The Independent in a recent interview that UNHCR commends the government for this “exceptionally generous policy.”

Pecos Kuliloshi’s refugee life in Uganda is perhaps the best example of how Uganda’s refugee policy which is praised around the world as one of the most progressive works.

Kuliloshi fled his home in Kiziba village in Bukavu, South Kivu, in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo in November 2000 at the age of 23. This was at the peak of the Congolese civil war that led to the ousting of the late Congolese president, Laurent Kabila, from power. Kuliloshi was a member of a human rights advocacy group.

Full of ideas and bubbling with energy at the time, Kuliloshi remembers demonstrating against the foreign armies’ massive violation of human rights of eastern Congolese. He fled when he got to know of plans to neutralise the leaders of the group.

He remembers being helped by Catholic priests from Bukavu who gave him some little money and transported him through Jomba via Goma to Southwestern Uganda.

“I crossed with the Father to Uganda as if we were going to buy groceries,” he says. “I later boarded a bus headed for Kampala to seek safety, hoping to return home as soon as the situation normalised.”

It has never.

No easy life

When Kuliloshi arrived in Kampala, everything around him seemed different. He only spoke his native Mashi, Lingala, French, and Kiswahili languages.

At a time when refugees were not allowed to stay in urban areas like Kampala, except in the settlements, Kuliloshi insisted on staying in the city.

“Life was never easy,” he says.

Back in Congo, Kuliloshi had graduated with a diploma in education and was teaching French, Philosophy and Psychology but when he arrived in Uganda, he soon realised that the knowledge he had was of no value unless he learnt English.

He had to start from scratch but at least there were chances of him trying to forge a new life. He says he was free to move anywhere in Kampala. He embarked on doing odd jobs, especially on road construction.

“That is how I used to survive; buying food, clothes and shoes,” he says.

But this kind of work was too hard for him and in 2003 he got a softer job as a cleaner in a hospital.

Kuliloshi took the decision to integrate in the Ugandan society in 2005. When he decided to learn English, the British Council library in Kampala proved a good place to start.

“That is where I would spend a lot of time reading books with the help of a dictionary,” he says.

One day Kuliloshi who is a Catholic chanced on a mass at Christ the King Church in Kampala which was organising a youth conference. He attended and got friends who convinced him to join the St. Joseph Choir. He agreed but on one condition:  he would only join a choir which sings in English.

“That helped me to grasp words and to this day, the English I speak is because of the choir.”

Today Kuliloshi is fluent in both English and Luganda— the most widely spoken local dialect from Central Uganda. He seems to be at peace and quite familiar with Kampala life.

But as another refugee; Saleh Idres Adam, testifies, anyone fleeing their country does not have to be as familiar with Kampala as Kuliloshi to feel safe in Uganda.

“Life in Kampala is difficult. We are refugees and we don’t have work and we don’t have capital to start business,” says Adam, “But I choose Uganda because it is secure and peaceful. When I am here I feel grateful that no one is going to disturb me.”

Adam fled Khartoum, the capital of his home country, Sudan, in 2010 because, he says, he was fed up with the discrimination of black Sudanese by Arabs. He says this escalated during the Darfur conflict.

“The Sudanese government and the Janjaweed militia attacked the Darfurian people because they are jealous of our resources which they want to take control of. We have gold, uranium, oil and everything, that is why they came to Darfur to clear us.” “We are very rich,” Adam tries to explain the reasons as to why the Darfur conflict has been raging on for more than a decade.

Some humanitarian and relief agency accounts say the conflict has cost 400,000 lives, and displaced over 3 million people.

At the height of the conflict, Adam was in Khartoum pursuing a bachelor’s degree in Agriculture.  Communication between him and his family suddenly got cut off and to this day, Adam says, he does not know what happened to his family.

He tried to continue with his studies but the discrimination of Darfurians in Khartoum worsened.

“There were killings and arrests,” he told The Independent in a recent interview, “My security was no longer guaranteed.”

Although he was three years into his five year Agricultural degree programme, he decided to leave.

Adam is probably six feet tall, dark-skinned and has sparkling white teeth. When he speaks in English, he does so slowly and cautiously. He speaks with a heavy Arabic accent and struggles to pronounce certain words. He says he arrived in Kampala in 2011, via South Sudan. He says there are 500 refugees from Darfur who now call Kampala home.

Big numbers, progressive policies

Adam and Kuliloshi show why Uganda is being praised around the world for its progressive approach to the refugee issue.

Uganda, through the 2006 Refugee Act and the 2010 Refugee regulations, has domesticated many of the principles of the 1951 Refugee Convention which defines the rights of refugees. These include the right not be expelled, except under certain, strictly defined conditions; the right to work, the right to housing, education, public relief and assistance, freedom of religion, access to the courts; right to freedom of movement within the country and the right to be issued identity and travel documents.

UNHCR, together with the Office of the Prime Minister, leads the co-ordination of the refugee response.

As soon as the refugees cross Ugandan borders, the government works in collaboration with UNHCR and other local refugee agencies to register and issue civil identity documents to individual refugees, decide on asylum applications and appeals, deploy civil servants, health workers and teachers to refugee settlements; and contribute medical supplies and staff to refugee operations.

Several refugee settlements have been setup around the country in the districts of Arua, Adjumani, Moyo, Kyenjojo, Hoima, Masindi and Isingiro. Active settlements include Nakivale, Oruchinga, Kyangwali, Kiryandongo, Paralonya, and the integrated camps of Adjumani. There are options for asylum seekers and refugees to stay in urban areas like Kampala as long as they can be self-reliant.

According to the UNHCR, Uganda is currently hosting the biggest number of refugees in its history. This makes it the ninth-largest refugee hosting country in the world and fourth-largest host country relative to national GDP.

Yaxley told The Independent that UNHCR has since 2014 seen a record number of refugees as more people flee their homes in Burundi, South Sudan, DR Congo, Central African Republic, Syria, Ukraine and Iraq. Yaxley says Uganda currently gets between 3,000-4,000 new arrivals every month.

Today, Uganda hosts up to 460,000 refugees mostly from the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Burundi, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, Central African Republic, Egypt, Pakistan, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Eritrea, and Sri Lanka.

By May, there were 71,949 refugees living in Kampala with 45% of these being children. An equally bigger number of this population is adolescents, youths and women.

70 year history

Uganda’s experience with refugees dates back to the colonial era. At the peak of the Second World War in 1942, for instance, the country hosted 7000 Polish refugees (mainly women and children) in Nyabyeya and Kojja in Masindi and Mukono districts respectively.

Scholastica Nasinyama, the executive director of InterAid, a local NGO that has been helping refugees to settle in Uganda since 1988 says their goal, together with UNHCR, is to give refugees in Uganda hope.

“The refugees are Uganda’s guests and they need to get that assistance at the same level as us,” says Nasinyama who has in particular worked with refugees for the last 20 years, moving through the ranks to the top at InterAid.

“We try to make local communities understand who refugees are; why they are here in Uganda; what role each one of us has to play as well as inform them that refugees are supposed to access public services at the same level as the rest of the Ugandans.

“We explain to them the uniqueness of the refugee needs. We explain to them why there could be unique situations that the refugee children, for instance, may present at school.”

“We go out to the schools to do group counseling to both refugees and the local children; we also explain all this to senior male and female teachers to deal with individual children with unique challenges.”

At the InterAid offices near the Buganda Kingdom seat at Lubiri in Rubaga Division, it is not unusual to find groups of urban refugees engaged in training to acquire business and other entrepreneurship skills.

“This training helps them to start some small businesses, mobilise savings and live within their means.” “We get ideas from them; then we transform them to build a business plan,” Joram Mwebaze, a trainer told The Independent recently after taking Congolese refugee youths through a business planning session.

At the nearby Antonio Gutterez Community Centre in Kampala’s Rubaga Division, another group of mainly Congolese women attend a handicrafts making class.

But this centre plays another important role in the lives of urban refugees. Hundreds of refugee youths turn up here every evening to surf the internet and connect with the world; they play football, volleyball and football here while others choose to keep their music talent alive by practicing. The idea is to help them get together and do something meaningful in their lives, says Nasinyama.

Agnes Mujawayesu, a Rwandan refugee who arrived in Uganda a decade ago with her two daughters leads one of the women’s groups called Abisunganye.

Her entry into Uganda was also difficult. But she never pitied herself. It was not long before she started getting involved with local NGOs which help refugees live a fairly decent life in the city. She joined other groups to learn how to make art and crafts.

She now teaches female refugees to make crafts. She has about 30 members in her group. The group comprises Congolese, Burundian, Rwandan and Ugandan nationals.

They make key holders, bags, and other simple interior decorations. But like the rest of the low income earner Ugandans who accuse Kampala Capital City Authority’s law enforcement officers of harassment, Mujawayesu also says her members struggle to find a market for their creations.

Nasinyama hopes the new legal framework will enable the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), the UN and other local NGOs come together and try to improve the refugee services not only in the refugee settlements but also in urban areas like Kampala.

She is happy refugee development issues have now been included in the second National Development Plan.

“We are beginning to look at refugees as part of us.”

“Today it is them, tomorrow it may be us. It is our turn to help the refugees because we are brothers and sisters. You never know what tomorrow might bring,” she says.

But even then, we still remind the refugees about the laws of Uganda.

“If you are a guest in Uganda, you must observe the laws; you must know the systems and procedures and behave like any of the Ugandans.”

- See more at: http://www.independent.co.ug/news/news-analysis/10487-refugee-haven#sthash.rVr3D2Q9.dpuf


An Employment company in Uganda is implicated in
international human trafficking:
Publish Date: Aug 13, 2015
Firm distances itself from human traffickers
Musa Ahmed, Director of Sauman Services Ltd referring to a New Vision story of
Wednesday 12 August as he addresses the press. Photo by Roderick Ahimbazwe


By Roderick Ahimbazwe


THE management of a labour exporting company has refuted claims by a suspected human trafficker that he operated on their behalf.


While speaking during a press conference at the company premises in Kabalagala on Thursday, Musa Ahmed the director of Sauman Services Ltd distanced the company from allegations of human trafficking.


Earlier this week, Police in Kawempe held Shiekh Abdallah Masaaba of Masjid Noor Mosque in Mbale over suspected human trafficking. 


The police had found 20 women at Masaaba’s rented house in Kawempe, with the women reportedly saying that Masaaba had promised to help them process passports and find employment abroad.


On his part, Masaaba reportedly said that he was simply helping the women get passports and that he was to hand the women over to a professional company (allegedly Sauman) to secure them jobs in the Middle East.


“We are licensed by the Ministry of Labour and we mostly get people casual jobs in Saudi Arabia and we always encourage parents or relatives to accompany those seeking employment overseas through our company,” Ahmed noted.


He further revealed that while Shiekh Abdallah charged the women money, Sauman didn’t charge any money especially for women seeking housekeeping jobs in the Middle East.


“I also call upon people seeking jobs abroad not to simply trust anyone claiming to link them to jobs abroad and to always go accompanied by relatives while applying,” Ahmed advised.


As per reports, human trafficking has emerged as a serious problem in Uganda in the recent years, with 181 victims rescued in the last year. 


The report says most victims were trafficked for labour, sexual and other forms of exploitation.