Kabaka akyusizza ennyimba y'ekitiibwa kya Buganda

By Dickson Kulumba

Added 31st January 2017


KABAKA Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II asiimye era n'akakasa ennyimba enaagobererwanga mu kuyimba Ekitiibwa kya Buganda ng'eyawuddwamu ebiti bisatu.


Kabaka Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II ng'awuubira Obuganda. EKIF: DICKSON KULUMBA


Ennyimba esooka; ebitundu by'oluyimba luno ebitaano byakumalibwangayo ku mikolo okuli okujjukira Amatikkira ga Kabaka, okuggulawo olukiiko lwa Buganda n'okukuza Amazaalibwa ga Kabaka.

Bino byayanjuddwa Katikkiro Charles Peter Mayiga bwe yabadde alambulira Obuganda ebigenda mu maaso nga yasinzidde mu Lukiiko lwa Buganda olwatudde ku Mmande ya wiiki eno January 30, 2017 e Bulange - Mmengo.

Mayiga yagambye nti ennyimba eyookubiri mwe muli emikolo okuyimbirwa ebitundu bisatu: ekisooka, ekyokuna n'ekyokutaano nga gyegyo Kabaka gy'alabikako ng'oggyeeko egimenyeddwa waggulu.

Ate ennyimba eyookusatu y'enaaberanga ku mikolo emirala gyonna egya Buganda nga gya kuyimbirwangako ebitundu bibiri nga gitandika; Ekisooka (Okuva edda n'edda…) n'ekyokuna (Nze nnaayimba ntya ne sitenda….) ate mu kuggalawo, ekitundu ekisembayo ( Katonda omulungi ow'ekisa…), kiyimbibwenga.

Mu ngeri y'emu, Mayiga yagambye nti omwaka guno Obwakabaka bugenda kuteeka amaanyi mu bulimu bw'emmwanyi mu ηηombo etuumiddwa  'EMMWANYI TERIMBA'.

" Omwaka guno tuluubirira okusimba endokwa obukadde butaano.


Nb

Ffe nga Abaganda abanyumirwa okuyimbira ensi nyaffe oluyimba tujja kusigala nga tuyimba nga bwetusobodde ebitundu byonna ebyoluyimba lwe ggwanga lyaffe Buganda. Kumikolo egiwera wano e Buganda a baganda banaffe Abakungu nga ne Bakatikkiro, Abalangira, Nabambejja mwobatadde batono ddala abayimba oluyimba lweggwanga mubantu bebakulembera. Balinga ne Queen wa Bungereza atayimba nako oluyimba olweggwanga lye erya Bungereza. Asirika be che baserikale be nebamuyimbira ko!



 EKIKA

 

 

NKIMA

 

Onomulaba Ebitumbwe

 

 

Bwobeera ggwe bwakwatula

 

 

Okyakyankya

 

 

Talya nkima-takombako

 

 

Talya dduma

 

 

Senya enku- Twokye enyama

 

 

Mugema bwafa

Kudda mulala

 

 

Tweddira nkima

 

Kabbiro-kamukukulu

 

 

 

Part of Nsambya Police barracks

 

A number of landlords have secured court orders to evict government institutions and repossess their properties, The Observer has learnt.

 

The impending evictions follow government’s failure to pay ground rent arrears totaling billions of shillings to the landowners. The institutions that face eviction include public universities, hospitals, Uganda Prisons, Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute, schools and farm institutes, among others.

 

The embattled landlords include Kampala archdiocese, which is demanding more than $74m (Shs 218bn) over the land currently housing Nsambya police barracks. Leaders of the Catholic Church have been meeting President Museveni over the debt, especially after learning that government planned to give away the land to investors.

 

During their most recent meeting, church leaders told Museveni that they needed the money to prepare for Pope Francis’ anticipated visit to the country. Other units facing evictions include Buwama and Mityana police stations.

 

“The pre-colonial governments and first post-colonial governments entered into contractual agreements with privately- registered landlords, and took over their land due to its strategic location for the establishment of infrastructure for government institutions,” an official at the Lands ministry told The Observer this week.


CABINET PROBE

 

To address this looming quagmire, government recently set up a cabinet subcommittee chaired by the minister for Local Government, Adolf Mwesige. Other officials on the subcommittee are Bright Rwamirama, the state minister for Animal Industry; Daudi Migereko, the minister for Lands; and Henry Banyenzaki, the minister of state for Economic Monitoring in the President’s office, and a representative from the Uganda Land Commission.

 

On Wednesday, President Museveni told cabinet that government needed to move fast and avert what would amount to a crisis.  He said there was need to renegotiate some of the agreements government signed with the owners of land, occupied by the affected public institutions. The matter was not concluded, our sources said, and was pushed to the next meeting scheduled for March 4.

 

Sources added that the Mwesige-led committee is expected to advise government on how it can avert the eviction. Migereko told The Observer yesterday that government had taken on short and medium-term strategies to address the problem.

 

“The problem has not been attended to for a long time but government has now realized that it is a serious issue and all efforts are being made to find a long-lasting solution,” the minister said.

 

“It [eviction] is an area of concern. Matters are still in cabinet. Cabinet is going to come out with a clear sustainable solution of land for government programmes and departments,” he said by telephone.

 

Auditor General John Muwanga recently accused district land boards and accounting officers of various government departments and agencies of failing to protect land under their control.

 

The auditor general said government officials were conniving with unscrupulous people to steal government land. Similar claims were made last year by Idah Nantaba, the minister of state for Lands, who accused some officials at the ministry of conniving with the mafias to grab government land.

 

Indeed, one of the mandates of the cabinet subcommittee will be to scrutinize reports that some of the people claiming to be owners of the land may in fact be “mafias” out to get land titles, which are later used to grab government land under unclear circumstances.

 

Rwamirama told us this week that they will reverse any decisions made by the Uganda Land Commission that gave land to private individuals under dubious circumstances. 

During Wednesday’s cabinet meeting at State House Entebbe, Migereko is reported to have tabled documents that showed that the alleged mafias are indeed private landlords who want to take back their land from government.


RE-ENTERED

 

The Observer has learnt that government has already lost the Mukono district farm institute (DFI) land at Ntaawo, which was re-entered by Church of Uganda. The church has also secured court orders to re-enter part of the land on which Makerere University’s college of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Bio-security stands because government failed to pay more than Shs 333m in ground rent arrears.

 

An unnamed private landlord has also secured a court order to re-enter his land occupied by Mityana police station.The Observer has also seen documents indicating that government, through similar court orders, has lost part of Kawanda agricultural research station land at Ssenge in Wakiso district and Njeru stock farm, which was retaken by the Ham Mukasa family.

 

On May 9, 2014, in an attempt to avert the repossessions, Migereko wrote to Finance Minister Maria Kiwanuka and Attorney General Peter Nyombi and urged them to intervene.

 

Without any responses from government, the landlords ran to courts and secured orders to repossess their land. Migereko has reportedly blocked the re-entries, forcing the landlords back to court to commit the commissioner for Land registration Sarah Kulata to civil prison for contempt of court.


sadabkk@

observer.ug

 

 

CRIME PREVENTERS

AS A MILITARY POLICE FORCE




Government ya Uganda etambuza abalwanyisa obuzigu mukulonda okugenda mumaaso(Crime preventers)

19/12/2015


Lwaki Banna

Uganda ate be basaba ssente z’obuyambi okusalwako?

May 03, 2014



 

Abbey Walusimbi ( ku ddyo), Titus Kirabo ne Edriss Kironde abatalaaga ensi z’Abazungu okubamatiza ku buyambi.

 

Bya Abbey Walusimbi

AKALULU ka 2016 nga kabindabinda, mwe tusuubira abantu obukadde 10 okulonda Pulezidenti n’ababaka ba Palamenti, buli ludda lugezaako okwessa ku mwanjo.

Ffe abawagizi ba NRM mu nsi z’ebweru, tugezaako okumatiza amawanga n’amakampuni agagaba obuyambi wamu ne bayinvesita abaagala okuleeta ssente mu Uganda baleme kukwataganya bulungi bwakuleeta nsimbi mu Uganda ku kikula kya muntu na ndowooza ya byakwegatta.

Etteeka erikugira ebisiyaga bwe lyayisiddwa amawanga g’Abazungu agamu gagenda olukongoolo kulussa ku bakungu ba Gavumenti ng’okubamma viza era waliwo abamu abaaluguddemu edda!

Okugeza omuduumizi omu owa Poliisi mu Kampala abadde asuubirwa mu Amerika okusoma baamummye viza, omubaka wa Palamenti omu omukazi yabadde alina omukiolo gw’okumuweerako ekirabo naye viza yamummiddwa sso nga teyakuba kalulu ku tteeka lino. Bannaffe abali ku ludda oluvuganya nabo engabo bagirumizza mannyo, tukitegedde nti abamu bagenda bayitaayita mu mawanga gano, nga bagasaba okusalako obuyambi obumu olw’etteeka lino. Babagamba nti kino kye kiyinza okusuula Gavumenti ya NRM.

Enjawukana zibizadde

Ekibuuzo kiri nti kiki ekiyinza okulemesa NRM okuwangula akalulu ka 2016? Nze aba NRM abali ebweru tukola butaweera okulaba nga bammemba b’ekibiina si be bavaako okufiirwa akalulu.

Okwerumaaluma okw’omunda kitono nnyo okusinga ku buzibu bwe tuyinza okufuna okuva ebweru w’eggwanga. N’olwekyo enjawukana munda mu kibiina tuzikendeeze lwe tunaasobola okwang’anga ekizibu ekinene ekitujjidde.

Bammemba ba NRM ebweru w’eggwanga be nkulembera, naddala mu Amerika, Bungereza n’amawanga nga Norway, Sweden, Budaaki n’amalala tukoze pulaani eyinza okuyitibwamu okulwanyisa obukyayi bwe tuyinza okufuna mu mawanga g’Abazungu era agayinza okweyambisibwa okutugatta nga bammemba ng’okulonda tekunnatuuka.

Omwogezi w’ekibiina kyaffe, Edriss Kironde abeera e Colorado yalabudde nti yadde tuteekwa okumanya buli maanyi agaagala okusuula NRM, ekizibu ekisinga kiyinza kuva mu kulwanagana okw’omunda.

“Wadde NRM eyaniriza buli omu naye tusaanye okwegendereza abeeyita bakkaada mu mawanga g’ebweru sso nga bagiriira munda nga kigenge,” Kironde bwe yagambye. Ekibiina ekigatta aba NRM mu mawanga gano kibadde kitalaaga ebibuga n’ensi era bino bye baafunye mu bammemba:

1. Bonna bakkaanyizza n’akabindo ka NRM mu Palamenti, okuwagira Pulezidenti Museveni akwate omumuli gw’ekibiina nga tavuganyiziddwa mu kalulu ka 2016.

Endowooza eri nti kino kye kiyinza okuggyawo enjawukana mu kibiina, twang’ange abatuvuganya nga tewali kwetemamu.

Ekirungi nti ne Ssaabawandiisi Patrick Amama Mbabazi naye yassa omukono ku kiteeso kye kimu ate ng’akakiiko akafuzi ke kajja okusala eky’enkomeredde.

2. Okuwa bammemba amagezi ku ngeri y’okuwooyawooyamu amawanga g’Abazungu ku nsonga z’ebisiyaga, nga tubalaga engeri Abazungu gye balina okuwa ekitiibwa obuwangwa bw’abantu abalala.

3. Okutumbula enkolagana mu byobusuubuzi wakati wa Uganda n’amawanga bammemba gye bali. Tujja kusindika ebibiina by’abasuubuzi babalage obulungi bw’okussa ssente mu Uganda.

Ekiwayi kya NRM e Stockholm, Sweden kye twakyalidde omwezi oguwedde kyatwanjulidde pulojekiti y’okulima n’okusunsula katunguluccumu alina akatale ak’obuliwo mu Sweden n’awalala.

4. Okussaawo emirimu ne pulojekiti ezivaamu ssente eziyamba ekibiina kya NRM n’emirimu gyakyo sinakindi n’ebibiina ebirala.

5. Bammemba baasazeewo ttabamiruka wa bammemba ba NRM abali ebweru okumussa mu kibuga London ekya Bungereza, gye tujja okusisinkanira ssentebe Pulezidenti Museveni.

Ebibiina bisseewo pulojekiti z’ensimbi

Ekibiina kya NRM Diaspora League kirina abawagizi empagi luwaga babiri, Ssentebe wa NRM Pulezidenti Museveni ne Ssaabawandiisi Amama Mbabazi, era tubeebaza olw’obuwagizi bwabwe.

N’olwekyo ebyasalibwawo e Kyankwanzi tebirina kutwawula, wabula okutugatta. Tekirina nsonga disitulikiti ki ewagira ani, anaakwata omumuli gwa NRM ajja kwetaaga obuwagizi bwa buli omu.

Amagezi

Abakulira NRM mu nsi z’ebweru babadde batalaaga amawanga okuva nga March 23 2014 e Boston ne bagenda e United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, ne batalaaga n’ebibuga California, Colorado, Illinois ne Washington DC.

Yonna gye babadde, ne boogerera ne ku leediyo ne ttivvi, babadde bagezaako okusaba Abazungui bayige okussa ekitiibwa mu buwangwa bwa Bannayuganda. Babategeezezza nti obuyambi bwe baagala okusalako buyamba muntu wabulijjo, sso si bali abali mu Palamenti.

Bammemba baayanirizza obubaka bwa Hon Richard Todwong obulaga nti tewali kukubagana mpawa wakati wa Mw. Mbabazi ne Pulezidenti Museveni, era nti babadde bakola bonna okumala emyaka 30.

Ekibiina kitegese okukyala e Canada, Girimaani, Bufalansa, Japan, China, Malaysia, Buyindi, Botswana, South Afrika ne Nigeria.

Amaanyi gaffe tegali mu kuba nti Pulezidenti Museveni aludde mu buyinza, wabula olw’ebyo Uganda by’etuuseeko mu bukulembeze bwa NRM.

Bammemba abalala abali mu kibiina kuliko Edriss Kironde USA, Male Kamya-USA, Kennedy Burashe, USA, Godius Ayesigye -USA, Med Kasujja -Sweden, Diana Atim- Canada, Adam Kasambula -Sweden, Charles Inyoin -Sweden, Peter Mashate-UK, Dr. Keefa Kiwanuka -UK, Patrick Asiimwe -UK, Barbara Ankunda-UK, Dr. Yusuf Kyeyune-Girimaani, Moses Bukenya-USA, Charity Baira, Jacob Bamwenda-USA.

Abbey Kigozi Walusimbi ye ssentebe wa NRM Diaspora League.

Email: awalusimbi@hotmail.com

 

 

In Uganda, the Secretary to the Treasury has warned his government on increased debt and cost of borrowing:

By Risdel Kasasira

 

21st August, 2019

 

 

 

Secretary to the Treasury Keith Muhakanizi. PHOTO BY ABUBAKER LUBOWA 

Uganda’s national debt has hit a staggering Shs 42 trillion, just 8 per cent away from hitting the International Monetary Fund’s redline where the country’s indebtedness will be declared unmanageable and Secretary to the Treasury Keith Muhakanizi has warned government to slow down on further borrowing.

He said unless further borrowing is checked, the country’s debt will become unsustainable.
In an interview with Daily Monitor, Mr Muhakanizi said the current debt at Shs42 trillion is still sustainable but added that the Ministry of Finance is cautioning government to restrain itself on further borrowing.

“It is still sustainable but there are signals we are flagging to government that if we don’t water down, we may end up in unsustainable debt. We are strongly signaling to government to that effect,” he said.

Mr Muhakanizi, who also is Permanent Secretary of Ministry of Finance, said countries cannot develop without borrowing money to build infrastructural projects like roads and electricity generation to spur industrialisation.

“Debt is good. That’s why there is a financial sector in the world. The financial sector was put there to mediate savers and the borrowers. Therefore, you cannot develop without a debt,” he said.

However, he observed that the debt becomes dangerous when it becomes unmanageable. “But debt is also dangerous if it turns out to be unsustainable. That’s when it becomes dangerous. The ignorance of many people is that they think government shouldn’t borrow or households shouldn’t borrow. But how will you develop?” he wondered.

By December 31, 2018, Uganda’s debt stock stood at $11.5b (about Shs42 trillion) which is 41.8 per cent of the Gross National Product (GDP), just 8 per cent below the IMF risky threshold of 50 per cent.

Last week, the Parliament’s National Economy Committee warned in a report that the increasing trend of borrowing is taking the public debt to the edge of unsustainability.

The legislators also told government to stop borrowing to fund consumptive items such as paying salaries, consultancies and buying vehicles.

Mr Julius Kapwepwe, the Director of Programmes at Uganda Debt Network cited Local Governments where 13 per cent of their budget goes to recurrent expenditure such as salaries with only 4 per cent spent on capital development.

“This grossly undermines service delivery because out of every five shillings that is collected domestically, two go to debt servicing and one is lost through corruption,” he said.

Mr Muhakanizi insisted government borrows for development purposes only: “Fortunately, we don’t borrow to pay the recurrent cost. We borrow purely for development. That you can take it from me.”

Debt increases by 12 per cent
According to Parliament’s Committee on National Economy report, Uganda’s public debt increased by 22 per cent from Shs34.423 trillion in 2016/17 financial year to Shs42 trillion in 2017/18.

The Ministry of Finance’s report on Uganda’s public debt released in March this year states: “The total public debt stock increased by 12.5 per cent to $11.52 billion as at end of December 2018 from $10.24 billion as at the end of December 2017.”

The MPs said spending borrowed money on consumptive items undermines Uganda’s capacity to repay the debt stock that is increasing every financial year.

The MPs also asked government to expedite implementation of the projects that would increase production in the economy. “Government should expedite the implementation of all projects financed by debt to increase the country’s productive capacity in order to repay debt,” the MPs say in their report which was tabled before parliament two weeks ago.

The MPs also advised government to prioritise concessional borrowing for social projects and non-concessional borrowing for highly viable commercial projects.

“In the medium term, government continues to prioritise concessional financing as the preferred means of meeting financing requirements especially aimed at social projects,” the report reads.

The executive director of Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group, Mr Julius Mukunda, said even projects like the Northern Bypass that are under non-concessional funding end up becoming more expensive because of the delayed start or completion. “Sometimes the costs double because of the delay to complete the projects,” he said.

Delaying to start the projects when government has already borrowed money which accrues interest, is another big challenge on the debt burden. By the end of last year, the total amount of undisbursed debt was $4.05b (about Shs14.7 trillion) which is lying idle yet government continues to pay interest on it. This shows the government’s poor absorption capacity for loans.

The Commissioner of Debt Policy and Issuance Department Ministry of Finance, Mr Godfrey Arnold Dhatemwa, says when the public debt ratio to the GDP reaches 50 per cent, it means that accessing loans become more expensive because the lenders raise the interest rate because they doubting the country’s ability to service its debt. “ Your credit rating goes down and when you are borrowing, the interest rate is higher than the one whose debt stock is lower,” he said.

According to the 2019 IMF ratings, Compared to its neighbours Uganda’s public debt is lower. Kenya has the highest with 56.96 per cent, Ethiopia [55.70 per cent], Rwanda [43 per cent], Tanzania[40 per cent]

Mr Kapwepwe, however, says when the debt reaches 50 percent of the GDP, the country spends a lot of money to service the debt than financing its needs.

Government absorption capacity
In response, Mr Muhakanizi said the government’s absorption capacity of borrowed money has increased from 20 per cent to 70 per cent in the last three years.
“Three years ago, we were absorbing 20-30 per cent of the borrowed money. But given the reforms we did, we are now between 70 and 80 per cent. That’s progress but much more needs to be done,” he said.

According to 2018/19 Budget Speech by Finance Minister Matia Kasaija, out of Shs42 trillion, $7.7b (about 28.4 trillion) is external debt which accounts for 66.5 per cent while the domestic debt stands at 34.5 percent (about Shs14.3 trillion).

Under the domestic debt government borrowed through treasury bills worth Shs3.5 trillion and treasury bonds totaling Shs10.7 trillion
Debt repayment
According to Mr Kasaija, in the current budget the debt repayment was allocated shs2.9 trillion which is the second largest share at 11.4 percent of the entire budget.

Investment in infrastructure projects on energy, minerals, oil and gas took the biggest part of the external borrowing with $3.085b, followed by Works and Transport at $2.55b.

Under Ministry of Energy, government borrowed $1.43b to construct Karuma hydro power dam; $482.6m for Isimba power dam and $318m for construction of the Albertine Airport.
According to the ministry of Finance report, government secured a loan of $1,435m (about Shs5.4 trillion) from Exim Bank of China for Karuma power project and implementation is at 90 percent. Commissioning is planned for December 2019.

Another sector that has taken a big chunk of the money borrowed externally, is transport network which saw $2.55b (about 9.6 trillion) borrowed to construct roads and rehabilitate Entebbe International Airport.

Under this sector, government is planning to construct Kampala-Jinja Expressway, Kampala Southern Bypass, Rwekunye-Apac-Lira-Kitgum-Musingo road and Kampala-Mpigi Expressway.

The need for additional financing for Municipal Infrastructure Development (USMID), a World Bank-funded project, saw government borrow $335m (Shs1.2 trillion) for infrastructure developments.
Government also borrowed $104m for CCTV cameras from Standard Chartered Bank.

Background
Population: Uganda’s population is estimated at 45 million people currently. The Shs42 trillion national debt therefore means each Ugandan, including children, is required to pay Shs933,333.3 (about Shs1m) to repay the country’s loans.
External debt
1.Agricultural projects-$412m (about Shs1.6 trillion)
2. Science, Technology and Innovation- $84m (about Shs320b)
3.ICT $90m (about Shs328b)
4.Municipal infrastructure development (USMID]-$335m [Shs1.3 trillion]
5.Water and Environment projects-676.6m [Shs2.5 trillion]
6.Public Sector Management-$177m [Shs648b]
7.Works and transport-$2.555b [Shs9.3 trillion]
8.Energy, minerals, oil and gas-$3.085b [Shs11.3 trillion]
9.Education-$418m [Shs1.52 trillion]
10.Economic management and accountability-$37m[Shs135bn]
Domestic debt
1.Treasury Bills-Shs3.59 trillion
2.Treasury Bonds- Shs10.7 trillion

Fixed interest rate

The Ministry of Finance says 92.9 per cent of the total loan portfolio has fixed interest rates and cannot be changed throughout the repayment period. Creditors charge different interest rates depending on whether the loan is based on concessional or non-concessional borrowing.

“Although 92.9 per cent of the public debt portfolio has a fixed interest rate, 18.4 per cent of the outstanding debt will be re-fixed in the Financial Year 2018/2019,” the Finance ministry’s report on Public Debt says.

China is the biggest creditor to Uganda at 39 per cent of the total loans in 2017/2018, surpassing the traditional lenders such as World Bank and African Development Bank, which disbursed 21 per cent and 8 per cent of the total credit respectively during the same period.
The UK government Export Credit Agency and Standard Chartered Bank are among the new lenders to Uganda. Mr Mukunda said the banks’ interest rates are high because individual borrowers compete with government to borrow domestically.

rkasasira@ug.nationmedia.com